It's the typical cold day of January 2030: as always these days comes the peak of the flu season. At this time of the year, ten years ago, the clinics and medical offices were overflowing with patients waiting for a visit; today, doctors and patients move easily through the diffuse system.
What has changed? Connected care has become a reality, after years of health systems always in trouble with few staff forced to work overtime. Healthcare has changed with AI.
Artificial intelligence today develops health care models from huge amounts of data that are too complex for people to aggregate. It does so with information from sources that in 2020 were trapped in objects that they still did not "know" to communicate.
Today, AI-led health systems are capable of providing preventive and proactive health care. At least in 3 ways:
1 AI-based predictive assistance
Artificial intelligence and predictive analytics help us understand more about the different factors in life that affect our health. They don't just tell us when we might have the flu or what medical conditions we inherited, but things related to where we were born, what we eat, where we work. They help us know what our local air pollution levels are or if we have access to safe housing and stable income.
These are some of the factors that WHO defines i social determinants of health, and that the vulgate called "risk factors". In 2030, health systems can predict when a person is at risk of developing a chronic disease, for example, and suggest preventative measures before they get worse. This development has been so successful that rates of diabetes, heart failure and obstructive heart disease, all heavily influenced by risk factors, are finally on the decline.
2 Healthcare in 2030: networked hospitals, connected and distributed care
Alongside predictive care comes another turning point linked to the place where you can be cured, or you can operate if you are a doctor. In 2030 a hospital is no longer a large building covering a wide range of diseases. It focuses on the more complex procedures and the most acutely ill, while less urgent cases are monitored and treated through smaller hubs and plexuses. Outpatient clinics, small Intra Moenia, day hospital surgery, specialized treatment clinics and even private homes. These locations are linked to a single digital infrastructure. Centralized command centers analyze clinical and location data to monitor supply and demand in real time.
In addition to using AI to locate patients at risk of deterioration, this network removes bottlenecks in the system and always ensures that patients and doctors are sorted from time to time to where they can best be treated or where they are most needed. The glue that binds everything together is no longer a common place.
3 Doctors and patients: what matters is experience
Why are experiences so important today, in 2030? For patients, research has long shown that the experiential context has a direct effect on improving or worsening. For doctors, the best work experiences have become increasingly urgent: a decade ago they suffered from huge burnout rates, mainly caused by the stress of trying to help too many patients. Sometimes they were even physically attacked by exasperated and violent patients, in emergency rooms for shortages of staff or organization.
In 2030, AI-powered predictive healthcare networks are helping to reduce waiting times and improve staff workflows.
The more AI is used in clinical practice, the more doctors increase their confidence and skills in areas such as surgery and diagnostics.
By learning from each patient, each diagnosis and each procedure, AI creates experiences that adapt to the practitioner and patient. This not only improves health outcomes, but also reduces organic shortages and physician burnout. And all while ensuring the financial sustainability of the health system.
Let's go back to reality
Here we are again in 2020. We are still a long way from achieving this vision of 2030. Still cumbersome technology, information systems and databases that still impede staff workflows and threaten continuity of care. Healthcare still experiences slowness in clinical areas where technology should do more to help diagnose, treat, monitor and hopefully prevent and treat disease.
Nonetheless, I see clear signs that all three of these ideas may one day become reality.
Smart systems are already capable of performing advanced tasks and increasing human capabilities. For example, artificial intelligence is able to detect cancerous lesions on an image, optimizing the doctor's work. In some state-of-the-art hospitals, the application of AI-driven predictive analytics is already helping to save lives in intensive care units.
Outside of hospitals, AI is helping to identify certain risk groups so that preventative primary or community health care can reduce the need for hospital admissions.
It is a long and complex journey that no single company or organization can do alone. Governments, health systems and private companies should work together to ensure that artificial intelligence systems are fully interoperable and transparent by preventing errors and inequalities.
As healthcare continues to slowly globalize, the need for international standards that protect how AI collects and uses personal data will become an urgent priority.
Because the most powerful use of artificial intelligence is to improve human capabilities, not replace them. The heart of the hyper-connected healthcare of the future will not be new technology, it will be people: those seeking treatment, and those who will provide it.