It is no coincidence that it gave its name to a programming language: few scientific, mathematical and philosophical figures can boast its reputation.
Blaise Pascal has contributed to the future in many different disciplines. From mechanical calculators to hydraulic presses to his theories, his work is a precious legacy for the future.
Almost 200 years after him, much of the technology that he envisioned was only boasted. In just 39 years of life and in full 1600, Blaise Pascal laid the foundations for the XNUMXth century. Practically the Mozart of technology, or if you prefer Giacomo Leopardi, given the poor health.
Here are the 5 Pascals, fundamental fruits of his work:
Pascal developed his theory during a close correspondence with the famous mathematician Pierre de Fermat. It was based on a classic problem in probability theory, the problem of sharing the stakes, which has been discussed for more than 200 years.
The problem - Two players, with the same probability of winning, compete in a game based on luck. The rule is that the first winner of a certain number of rounds will win the entire prize, a sum to which both players contribute in equal parts. How do you split the stakes properly if the game ends early with no winners?
Pascal and Fermat provided a solution to the problem still considered fundamental in probability theory.
The two reasoned that a fair split couldn't take into account just how many rounds the two players had won before the stoppage. It was also necessary to take into account the possibilities of winning still remaining at the time of the interruption. In other words, the rounds still needed before reaching victory. The approach that Blaise Pascal took in the 17th century led to the first theory of what modern science calls "expected value".