Until now, a large mass spectrometer was needed to monitor fat metabolism. A new device, on the other hand, includes only three components: a lamp, a hollow optical fiber and a very small spectrometer. Everything becomes more compact and economical.
The device for measuring the metabolism of fat from the breath uses an ultraviolet lamp to measure the acetone gas produced in the blood through the metabolic reaction of fat and then comes out with the breath. A great result of a research from the University of Tohoku, Japan. The details of the study were published in the journal Sensors.
Precise measurements of the acetone gas concentration allow us to determine the body's ability to metabolize fat and develop exercise methods to burn fat efficiently
Yuji Matsuura, Tohoku University's Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering
And the light was
Matsuura and his team focused on ultraviolet light, which due to its extremely short wavelength is heavily absorbed by acetone gas. They managed to measure the concentration of acetone with high accuracy: 0,03 ppm, more than 30 times lower than the concentration of acetone in the breath.
To do this, they trapped the volunteers' breath in a thin tubular optical fiber (called hollow optical fiber) exposed to ultraviolet light. The team measured the degree of light weakening due to the absorption of acetone gases to ascertain the concentration of the acetone gas.
While using the device, the group found that the fat burning rate gradually increases after exercise. Conversely, the rate of absorption remains constant during exercise, indicating that a substantial portion of fat metabolism occurs after physical exercise.
The research will not only be useful in the field of nutrition: it can also lead to non-invasive diagnostic methods for diabetes, as diabetic patients have high concentrations of acetone gas in their breath.
Gianluca Riccio, born in 1975, is the creative director of an advertising agency, copywriter and journalist. He is affiliated with Italian Institute for the Future, World Future Society and H +, Network of Italian Transhumanists. Since 2006 he directs Futuroprossimo.it, the Italian resource of Futurology.
Futuroprossimo.it is an Italian resource of futurology opened since 2006: every day news about the near future. Scientific discoveries, medical research, prototypes, concepts and predictions about the future for free.
Gianluca Riccio, copywriter and journalist - Born in 1975, he is the creative director of an advertising agency, he is affiliated with the Italian Institute for the Future, World Future Society and H +, Network of Italian Transhumanists.