The natural world thrives if it is allowed to maintain the delicate balance of its ecosystems, but human activity has unbalanced nature and we are now dealing with it. the consequences.
To combat our environmental missteps, we seek to find more sustainable and environmentally friendly ways of living, while also attempting to restore nature through tree planting, conservation efforts and the development of environmental technologies. carbon capture. And now Rewilding becomes overbearing.
Rewilding, we give everything back to nature
That said, many people believe that the best way to tackle the climate crisis and support biodiversity is to allow nature to recover by minimizing human interference as much as possible. This progressive conservation movement is called "rewilding" and is based on the principle that nature knows best when to protect itself.
Everything is connected: the Yellowstone case
Nothing like a practical example can make us understand the damage we cause, and the goals of Rewilding.
Yellowstone National Park in the United States: at the beginning of the 20th century, wolves in that area are nearly reduced to extinction. The drastic decline of wolves caused moose populations to skyrocket, eventually leading to land over-exploitation that ended up preventing trees such as poplar and willow from ripening.
The domino effect continued, and other creatures such as birds and beavers were also left treeless in their natural habitat. The lack of shade then caused an increase in the temperature of the water in the rivers, negatively affecting biodiversity even more.
To solve this problem, 14 wolves were brought to Yellowstone from Jasper National Park in Canada to replace the lost ones. Within 20 years, the wolf population was fully restored, which also restored balance to the park's ecosystem.
Rewilding in Scotland
In Scotland, rewilding has gained popularity in recent years thanks to Scottish Rewilding Alliance (SWA). It is an organization that invites politicians to create policies that push Scotland to become the first "rewilding nation" in the world.
A poll last year revealed that the Scottish public approves of SWA's mission. More than three-quarters of people from across the country said they were in favor of the reconstitution process.
Five fundamental points for the return to nature
Steve Micklewright, who leads the SWA, explains that the alliance is urging all political parties to employ five different strategies to protect the environment:
- Rebuild 30% of public land.
- Establish a fund to support reconstruction in towns and cities.
- Support the reintegration of key species such as the reintegration of beavers and the reintroduction of the Eurasian lynx where there is local support.
- Create a coastal area where dredging and trawling are not permitted.
- Introduce a plan to control deer populations, allowing the land to recover from overgrazing.
SWA hopes the public will continue to push for politicians who will support the rebuilding plan so Scotland can fight climate change, restore its natural balance and support its biodiversity.
And in Italy?
There is an extreme need for rewilding even in our country: last October an important seminar he discussed all the perspectives related to sustainable investments that aim at the reaffirmation of nature.
The repopulation of rural areas and the birth of low-impact economies would be a panacea, especially in the context of the ecological transition that is starting with the funds of the Recovery Plan.